Thursday, February 19, 2009

Excel VBA: The MsgBox Function

In Excel VBA macro, if we want display a message to the user, we can use the MsgBox function. The syntax for the MsgBox function is as follows:

MsgBox(prompt, buttons, title, helpfile, context)

prompt Required. String expression displayed as the message in the dialog box. The maximum length of prompt is approximately 1024 characters, depending on the width of the characters used. If prompt consists of more than one line, you can separate the lines using a carriage return character (Chr(13)), a linefeed character (Chr(10)), or carriage return – linefeed character combination (Chr(13) & Chr(10)) between each line.
buttons Optional. Numeric expression that is the sum of values specifying the number and type of buttons to display, the icon style to use, the identity of the default button, and the modality of the message box. If omitted, the default value for buttons is 0.
title Optional. String expression displayed in the title bar of the dialog box. If you omit title, the application name is placed in the title bar.
helpfile Optional. String expression that identifies the Help file to use to provide context-sensitive Help for the dialog box. If helpfile is provided, context must also be provided.
context Optional. Numeric expression that is the Help context number assigned to the appropriate Help topic by the Help author. If context is provided, helpfile must also be provided.

The buttons argument settings are:
Constant Value Description
vbOKOnly 0 Display OK button only.
vbOKCancel 1 Display OK and Cancel buttons.
vbAbortRetryIgnore 2 Display Abort, Retry, and Ignore buttons.
vbYesNoCancel 3 Display Yes, No, and Cancel buttons.
vbYesNo 4 Display Yes and No buttons.
vbRetryCancel 5 Display Retry and Cancel buttons.
vbCritical 16 Display Critical Message icon.
vbQuestion 32 Display Warning Query icon.
vbExclamation 48 Display Warning Message icon.
vbInformation 64 Display Information Message icon.
vbDefaultButton1 0 First button is default.
vbDefaultButton2 256 Second button is default.
vbDefaultButton3 512 Third button is default.
vbDefaultButton4 768 Fourth button is default.
vbApplicationModal 0 Application modal; the user must respond to the message box before continuing work in the current application.
vbSystemModal 4096 System modal; all applications are suspended until the user responds to the message box.
vbMsgBoxHelpButton 16384 Adds Help button to the message box
VbMsgBoxSetForeground 65536 Specifies the message box window as the foreground window
vbMsgBoxRight 524288 Text is right aligned
vbMsgBoxRtlReading 1048576 Specifies text should appear as right-to-left reading on Hebrew and Arabic systems
The MsgBox function returns an integer value that identifies the button the user selected
to close the dialog box.

Constant Value Description
vbOK 1 OK
vbCancel 2 Cancel
vbAbort 3 Abort
vbRetry 4 Retry
vbIgnore 5 Ignore
vbYes 6 Yes
vbNo 7 No

Here is an example of using MsgBox funtion:

Sub ShowMsgBox()
   Dim response As Integer
   response = MsgBox("Do you want to continue?", vbYesNo + vbQuestion)

If response = vbYes Then
   Range("A1").Value = "'Yes' button clicked."
Else      Range("A1").Value = "'No' button clicked."   End If
End Sub

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